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A prayer for Samsu-iluna (Samsu-iluna E): translation

1-12My ...... of eternal fame, head lifted high in princely worth, ...... who loves righteousness and truth, ...... named with an august name, for whom Enlil ...... has determined a great destiny, and Ninlil ......! The valiant Ninurta is your helper. In the E-kur, Nuska the august minister of Enlil, the assembly leader of all lands, is your foremost palace superintendent. Throughout your life, may you carry your neck high; in princely manner may you lift your head high! "Prolong the days of his life for Samsu-iluna, of princely worth!"

13-29May An, king of the gods, look upon you favourably; the great and august An, the father of the gods, he with the splendid crown, full of great and august radiance, ...... your royal throne whose branches and sprouts ...... as wide as the sky. May he bestow upon you, during the days of your long life, the power to make decisions ......, to direct ......, to serve as the provider of the black-headed creatures in all their multitude! May Enlil, ......, the king of all countries, protect you ...... command. May he ...... for you the city of your country. May he make firm for you the foundation of your country. May Ninlil, the queen of deities, joyfully ...... for you, and may she look upon you with shining face; may she who takes counsel ...... with Enlil, and who cares for ......, ...... her favourable word.

30-46May Ninurta, the strong warrior of Enlil, the lord of decisions, whose august commands are as weighty as those of An and Enlil, he of lordly character, terrifying splendour and heroism, who resists the forceful, the strong shepherd (?) who crushes the evil and wicked -- may he spread out in heaps for you the inhabitants of the cities which you hate, and may he deliver your enemies into your hands! May Nuska, the august minister of Enlil, let you enter brick-built E-kur joyfully with your offerings, and escort you before the shining faces of Enlil and Ninlil; in Babylon, the city of heroes, may he make firm for you the foundation of your kingship. The august command ...... Enlil ....... ......, may ...... be their king! ......, may he ...... a place for you! ......, like the light born monthly in the pure sky. ......, and may you too grow throughout your life like a fresh fruit, o Samsu-iluna, my king!

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Revision history

26.iii.1999-31.iii.1999 : JAB : adapting translation
27.iv.1999 : JAB : minor corrections
06.v.1999 : GZ : proof-reading : GC : tagging : ER : proofreading SGML : ER : converting to HTML 4.0
7.ix.2001 : ER : header and footer reformatted; substantive content of file not changed